Fibromyalgia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

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    This is a type of health condition that is characterized by musculoskeletal pain that is widespread and is usually accompanied by issues such as fatigue, memory loss and mood issues and also issues with sleep. There is research that suggests that this disorder greatly amplifies the painful sensations. This is because of the way it affects the brain and as a result it affects the way the brain and also spinal cord process signals that are painful and non painful.

    The symptoms of this disorder normally begin after some particular events. This includes things such as physical trauma, infection, surgery or very significant stress psychologically. In some cases, the symptoms just accumulate over time without there being a single event that can be classified as a triggering event.

    Fibromyalgia

    It is also important to note that women are much more likely to develop this disorder. People who have fibromyalgia very often also have tension headaches, irritable bowel syndrome, depression and anxiety.

    While no particular cure can be recommended for this disorder, some treatment modalities can go a long way in helping manage the condition better. This usually involves making the use of a variety of medications in order to control the symptoms associated with the disorder. Other things such as exercise and relaxation and stress-reduction techniques also have been proven to help ease the symptoms.

    Symptoms

    The main symptoms of this disorder are the following. People with this condition will experience pain that is widespread. The pain that is caused by this disorder has very often been described as being a kind of pain that is like a constant dull ache. It normally lasts for a period of three months at least. In order for the pain to be classified as

    being widespread, the pain must be present on both sides of the body and also above and below the waist.

    People with this condition also experience tremendous amounts of fatigue. This can in fact be so severe that it can interfere with daily activities. People with this condition report that their sleep is often disturbed by pain and also things like restless legs syndrome, or sleep apnea. This severely weakens the quality of sleep and as a result the people with fibromyalgia will regularly awaken tired, even though they had slept for a decent amount of time.

    The people who suffer from Fibromyalgia also face difficulties with their cognitive functioning. A symptom that goes by the name of “fibro for” has the potential to impair the ability to focus and to also pay attention. Patients normally report facing a lot of difficulties with concentrating on mental tasks. It is important to note that the disorder will very often coexist with many other conditions, including:

    • Chronic fatigue syndrome
    • Irritable bowel syndrome
    • Headaches and migraines
    • Painful bladder syndrome
    • Depression
    • Anxiety
    • Postural tachycardia syndrome

    Causes

    There are a lot of researchers who are of the belief that nerve stimulation that is repeated has the effect of causing the brain and also the spinal cord in patients with this disorder to change. The change that takes place usually involves a serious increase in the levels of some particular chemicals within the brain that are responsible for signalling pain. Furthermore, the receptors of pain in the brain almost seem to be able to develop a sort of memory of the pain and hence, it becomes sensitized. What this implies is that the brain of a patient with this disorder will very likely overreact to signals that are both painful and nonpainful.

    Some of the risk factors that lead to the above mentioned are the following:

    Genetics

    This disorder usually runs in families. So there may very well be certain genetic mutations that may qualify you as being more at risk of developing this disorder.

    About the Author Antonio Meltzer

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