The debate about porcelain cookware Vs ceramic cookware is real. Whereas most people believe that they are the same, they aren’t. Yes, they share most similarities but there is a slight difference between the two. Basically, porcelain is a type of ceramic (a refined one) while not all types of ceramics are porcelain.
What is Ceramic?
Ceramic is clay that is combined with earthen elements and water so you can share them into any desired form. Once you are done, you can fire the clay and then glaze it. When the clay is heated, it becomes hard and strong – although it is also brittle. The coolest thing about ceramic is that there is a slight chance of corrosion, making the ceramic perfect for almost anything.
The variables in the ceramic-making process would determine the quality and hardness of the final result. That’s why there are 3 different types of ceramic we know: the stoneware, the earthenware, and the porcelain.
What is Porcelain?
It has ceramic’s basic form but with finer materials, such as kaolin. You take the kaolin and then mix it with granite, feldspar minerals, and glass and then heat it with extreme temperature (more than 1250 degrees Celsius). Because of it, the pottery loses its porous nature. It will result in a transparent and glass-like appearance. The material will be hard and it won’t be as brittle as the ceramic.
Making a Decision
So, which one is better when it comes to ceramic vs porcelain? If you think that porcelain is better because of the glass-like appearance, then you are just the same as others. It isn’t a wrong thing, but it isn’t completely right either.
You see, when it comes to choosing between ceramic and porcelain, you need to know what you want from it. What is your purpose in using it? For instance, if you want to choose the best mug for your coffee, you should go with the ceramic because it can make the liquid stay warmer for a longer time.
Just like other materials, ceramic cookware does have its own perks and flaws. One of the best things about ceramic cookware is that it is toxic-free. If you are using products like GreenPan, they are using the so-called Thermolon layer ceramic pans to make them nonstick. It is a (non stick) layer that is taken from sand and then processed without using PFOA or PFAS. Because of it, the coating doesn’t have any cadmium or lead.
The surface itself is somewhat smooth and slippery, resulting in the non stick effect. Even if you don’t use any butter or oil, you won’t have to worry about any food sticking to the cookware’s surface. Naturally, ceramic cookware would be ideal if you want to make healthy foods. And the slippery surface helps with easier cleaning too. In case you are in a hurry and don’t have much time to wash the cookware, you can use a wet cloth to wipe it. Scrubbing would be unnecessary.In ceramic vs porcelain cookware comparison, the ceramic type is somewhat more flexible. You can use it with various heat levels, from low to high. Even with the high heat, you won’t have to worry that it may break or whatsoever. But you need to be extra careful with the surface. Instead of using metal utensils, for instance, use the silicone or wooden type. Such a utensil won’t scratch the surface.
Just like ceramic cookware, the porcelain is also non stick. You won’t have to use cooking spray, butter, or oil to prevent food from sticking to the surface. Is porcelain durable? Yes, it is. When compared to anodized aluminum, cast iron, and even Teflon, porcelain cookware is more durable and safer.
If you want versatility and freedom in cooking various kinds of foods, the porcelain type would be the ideal pick. It is also versatile when it comes to preparing the foods – you can use it in the oven and then move it to the cooktop, and vice versa. Feel free to use it for any kinds of cooktops, such as induction, ceramic, electric, and gas.
However, such cookware has its disadvantages too. Although the non stick surface means that you can cook foods without butter or oil, it isn’t advisable for the porcelain cookware. You need to have a little oil or water on the bottom before heating it up. If a porcelain pan or pot is completely dry, it is prone to cracking or even chipping. The possibility of damage will increase.Moreover, because of the natural non stick trait, the process of heating the food can go unevenly and even slowly. The cookware may not be ideal for all kinds of elaborate culinary activities. Moreover, the porcelain cookware is only safe when used with low heat to medium heat. High heat can break the coating. When you use too much heat often on the cookware, such action will cause the cookware to break or damage easily. This will get worse if you often heat up the cookware in a completely dry state (without using any water or oil at all) or you leave it on the stove for too long.
How to Differentiate the Two?
Ceramic is usually heavier when compared to porcelain. Because of the extra thickness, it somewhat has its own unique rustic feel to it. In some cases, the ceramic can have a rougher texture while the porcelain is somewhat smoother. Porcelain tends to have finer edges and it feels lighter. However, modern ceramic items are usually glazed so they will have the same smooth texture as the porcelain. But when you consider the weight, you should understand the difference.
Ceramics are more compatible with the dishwasher and microwave. What about porcelain? Not so much – it tends to break easier than ceramic. However, you should remember that ceramic and porcelain are almost the same. If you want to keep your cookware longer, it would be better and safer to hand wash them. Don’t throw them into the dishwasher – unless you are ready to buy again and again.
In the end, it all comes down to you, your personal preferences, and also your cooking style. There is no need to debate over porcelain cookware Vs ceramic cookware because they are almost the same. Now you only need to decide which one you like the most.